As of Java 1.8u51+ (also 1.7.0_85+ and 1.6.0_101+) making SSL connections to an IP address is no longer allowed. Previously the JVM would do a reverse lookup of the hostname using the IP then complete the connection using that hostname. This was a security vulnerability because an attacker that gained control of DNS
could route traffic to their own server. This change is a security feature of Java.
We have found there is a problem with the way Java creates LDAPS connections. The way Socket.createSocket() is used results in an SSLSocket without the hostname set in it. This results in use of an IP address to make the connection and since this is no longer allowed the connection fails. We have reported this problem to Oracle and also forwarded the information to the Java security dev list: http://mail.openjdk.java.net/pipermail/security-dev/2015-September/012845.html .
Because of this existing LDAPS connections are broken and users from that user directory are unable to login including non-local administrators.
This will affect any customer using secure LDAP that upgrades the JVM. Secure LDAP is very common to protect passwords on the internal network, particularly in enterprise environments.
- Any version of Crowd using one of the noted Java versions.
Steps to Reproduce
- Configure a user directory using a secure LDAP connection
- Upgrade the JDK to a noted Java version.
Logins and LDAP syncs should work as normal.
Users will be unable to authenticate and LDAP syncs will fail.
Errors like this will occur in the logs:
2015-07-22 12:43:05,896 WARN [http-bio-443-exec-1] @1SDVDDx763x1x0 XXXXX "POST /j_stash_security_check HTTP/1.1" c.a.s.i.s.s.PluginAuthenticationProvider Could not authenticate XXXXX; authentication by com.atlassian.stash.stash-authentication:crowdHttpAuthHandler failed
com.atlassian.stash.user.AuthenticationSystemException: The remote authentication server is not available. Please try again later.
at com.atlassian.stash.internal.crowd.RiotPolice.authenticate(RiotPolice.java:113) ~[stash-service-impl-3.11.1.jar:na]
at com.atlassian.stash.internal.user.DefaultUserService.authenticate(DefaultUserService.java:108) ~[stash-service-impl-3.11.1.jar:na]
... 21 common frames omitted
Caused by: org.springframework.transaction.CannotCreateTransactionException: Could not create DirContext instance for transaction; nested exception is org.springframework.ldap.CommunicationException: <DNS.NAME>:636; nested exception is javax.naming.CommunicationException: <DNS.NAME>:636 [Root exception is javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: java.security.cert.CertificateException: No subject alternative names matching IP address XXXXX found]
at org.springframework.transaction.compensating.support.AbstractCompensatingTransactionManagerDelegate.doBegin(AbstractCompensatingTransactionManagerDelegate.java:90) ~[spring-ldap-core-2.0.2.RELEASE.jar:2.0.2.RELEASE]
... 22 common frames omitted
Caused by: org.springframework.ldap.CommunicationException: <DNS.NAME>:636; nested exception is javax.naming.CommunicationException: <DNS.NAME>:636 [Root exception is javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: java.security.cert.CertificateException: No subject alternative names matching IP address XXXXX found]
... 39 common frames omitted
Caused by: javax.naming.CommunicationException: <DNS.NAME>:636
at com.sun.jndi.ldap.Connection.<init>(Unknown Source) ~[na:1.8.0_51]
at com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapClient.<init>(Unknown Source) ~[na:1.8.0_51]
... 43 common frames omitted
Caused by: javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: java.security.cert.CertificateException: No subject alternative names matching IP address XXXXX found
at sun.security.ssl.Alerts.getSSLException(Unknown Source) ~[na:1.8.0_51]
at sun.security.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.fatal(Unknown Source) ~[na:1.8.0_51]
... 58 common frames omitted
Caused by: java.security.cert.CertificateException: No subject alternative names matching IP address XXXXX found
at sun.security.util.HostnameChecker.matchIP(Unknown Source) ~[na:1.8.0_51]
... 67 common frames omitted
Fix: install a Java version equal to or newer than 1.8u65
Java version 1.8u65 contains a fix JDK-8133196 which addresses the problem described in this issue. Please see How to Use System JRE Instead of Embedded JRE for instructions to change the version of Java that JIRA runs with.
Only necessary if you do not upgrade your Java JDK.
Add JVM startup parameter -Djdk.tls.trustNameService=true
This reverts back to the older Java behavior while preserving all the other security related changes in the newer Java release. Your LDAP data will still be encrypted. The risk is described by Oracle in their explanation of the change at http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/8u51-relnotes-2587590.html.
Disable SSL check
Under the LDAP connection "Advanced Settings" set "Secure SSL" to disabled*. As stated in the UI this will disable all verification of the SSL certificate. Your LDAP data will still be encrypted. This workaround may represent a greater vulnerability as any SSL cert could be substituted with no need to compromise a DNS server.